There are several types of lung cancer. Each type grows and spreads in its own way.
Treatment therefore depends on the stage of cancer and how far it has progressed; it can include chemotherapy, radiation or surgery. Smoking is the leading risk factor for this disease. According to the World Health Organization, 80% of deaths related to lung cancer are caused by this addiction. Other risk factors include exposure to radon, asbestos and other carcinogens that are found in workplaces such as radioactive minerals and chemical substances.
Fever, heavy breathing, abnormal sounds in the lungs that can be heard through a stethoscope, weakness, muscle pain and difficulty breathing are some of the symptoms that can serve as warning signs of this disease.
Where it originates: Lung cancer begins in the cells that line the bronchi and other areas of the lungs such as the bronchioles or alveoli.
Prevention is key: Be aware of its warning signs and change the habits and routines that can make you ill. Here are a few recommendations:
● Exercise at least three times a week
● Avoid smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages
● Increase your intake of fruits and vegetables
● Keep your bodyweight at a healthy level
● If you have risk factors, see your doctor regularly
● See your doctor if you experience the following symptoms: pain in your chest that increases when taking a deep breath, a cough that does not go away or worsens over time, or if you cough up blood or reddish phlegm
The lungs are two cone-shaped organs located in the chest that are part of our respiratory system. They bring oxygen to the body when you inhale and release carbon dioxide out of the body when you exhale.