More than 90% of ovarian tumors are developed due to the uncontrolled growth and multiplication of the epithelial cells that form the internal and external surfaces of the ovary.
According to the American Cancer Society, if these are detected at an early stage, they may be removed surgically, with a possibility of recovery. However, symptoms may not be identified at the beginning, letting the disease disseminate into other areas of the body.
A family history of ovarian cancer, women over 50 who have never had children nor used contraceptive methods, prior gynecological problems (cysts), obesity, tobacco, and a sedentary lifestyle, as well as certain genetic characteristics increase the risk of suffering this disease, according to the National Cancer Institute. These factors may be identified early enough, as long as the patient turns to their physician for a preventive exam.
Watch out for symptoms such as:
- Persistent bloating
- Abdominal pain
- Irregular periods
- Loss of appetite
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
Ovarian cancer is diagnosed in approximately 250,000 women around the world each year.