Colombia’s National Immunization Schedule includes the pentavalent vaccine for babies at two, four and six months of age.
This vaccination protects babies from five diseases: diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, influenza type B and hepatitis B.
It is important to remember that all children under six in Colombia have the right to receive the vaccines included in the national immunization calendar, approved by the Ministry of Health. These include 21 vaccines, which prevent 25 diseases, including the pentavalent. Here are some of the most frequent questions and answers about this vaccine.
Why do babies need this dosage of the vaccine?
Because they play a preventative role, vaccines are the only resources available for preventing serious and even fatal diseases. To not vaccinate a baby is to expose it to these diseases.
Where on the body is it administered?
It is injected intramuscularly. It used to be administered in the buttocks, but it is best to apply it to the front and lateral thigh muscle.
What diseases does influenza type B cause?
Pneumonia, septicemia, septic arthritis, epiglottitis and meningoencephalitis; all of which put the lives of children at risk.
What type of irritations can the vaccination cause?
Fever, pain, reddening of the skin and swelling at the site of application. These reactions clear up on their own in the 48 hours following application and generally do not require any specific treatment.
According to the Ministry of Health, in 2015, 91.4% of infants under age one completed their series of the pentavalent vaccine.