Migraines: What you need to know Migraines: What you need to know

Migraines: What you need to know

Current living 19 September, 2017 Isabel Vallejo

The Colombian Neurology Association offers five keys to better understanding migraines, a condition that affects nearly five million Colombians.

  • Age: While this condition is more common in adults, it can also occur in the very young or very old: children under age 10 and adults over age 60.
  • Gender: Both men and women can suffer from migraines, however this condition is more common in women due to their levels of estrogen, the main hormone found in women.
  • Other symptoms, besides a headache: Migraines generally come with nausea and vomiting, together with intolerance to light and intense sounds. In some patients, a phenomenon known as an “aura” occurs (the appearance of flashing or shimmering lights), parts of the body may fall asleep and they may experience difficulties speaking.
  • Duration: Symptoms may last between 4 and 72 hours. Auras usually last between 5 and 60 minutes. If they go on for longer, it is important to rule out whether these are migraine-related complications or not.
  • Treating migraines at home: During a migraine attack, the recommendation is to go to a dark and quiet place. You can also occasionally take an over-the-counter pain reliever.

If you notice that these attacks are frequent and medication is needed several times a week, see a doctor.

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