Getting a myopia diagnosis on time in children is key. In general, if children receive treatment before they reach age seven, it can be more effective and can have a lower impact.
It is normal for children to not be able to detect whether they are seeing well on their own or not. It is therefore important for parents and family members to be aware of the warning signs that are indicative of vision problems. If the child complaints of headaches, sits closely to the television screen, squints their eyes frequently, or stands up to move closer to the blackboard at school, it is important to see a specialist.
In most cases, myopia (or nearsightedness) is hereditary. Environmental factors are playing an increasingly influential role in the development of this condition in younger generations, however, such as with the excessive use of mobile devices and less time being spent outside. See also Did you know that myopia compensates presbyopia?
A recent study by Cambridge University found that children with myopia as spend an average of 3.7 hours less outdoors than those with normal vision. The study’s director, Justin Sherwin, encourages people to increase the amount of time that children spent outdoors by 1 hour, “This may reduce their risk of becoming myopic by 2%.”