Osteoporosis: Knowing the risk factors Osteoporosis: Knowing the risk factors

Osteoporosis: Knowing the risk factors

Current living 4 November, 2017 Isabel Vallejo

The onset of osteoporosis is more common after menopause: when estrogen levels diminish and bones become more brittle.

This is a chronic and progressive disease that affects about 200,000,000 people throughout the world. This condition, which does not present symptoms until an initial fracture occurs, is the reason behind why bone fractures occur every three seconds. This disease is characterized by the progressive weakening of the bones, reducing their density and increasing the chances of them breaking. In other words, it is when the bone mass is destroyed faster than how long it takes to grow new bone.

According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, risk factors for osteoporosis include: old age, having a small and thin body frame, having a family history of osteoporosis, taking certain medications, being a white or Asian female or having low bone density.

To keep bones strong, the general recommendation is to maintain a diet that is rich in calcium and vitamin D, get exercise and not smoke. It is important to prevent falls from happening, which is the main cause of bone fractures among the elderly.