Current living 25 June, 2018 Maria Clara Restrepo E.
The appearance of pimples on the skin is caused by the accumulation of dead skin cells and oils that clog the pore. They are technically referred to either as open or closed comedones (blackheads and whiteheads).
Both teens and adults experience them, especially people with oily or combination skin or who use makeup or self-tanning products. They can also be caused by an excess amount of bacteria in the epidermis, dead skin cells or the production of sebum resulting from hormonal changes or the use of certain medications. (Related article: 5 myths about acne unveiled).
Pimples are a type of acne that can be classified into two categories:
- Whiteheads: When the clogged pore is under the skin and forms a white tip.
- Blackheads: These are comedones that open up and appear on the surface of the skin as black points as a result of the contact of the air with excess sebum.
Dermatologists must examine the skin in order to diagnose the type of acne a patient has and prescribe the right treatment, which can consist of a topical or oral antibiotic, or both.