Postural hygiene Postural hygiene

Postural hygiene

Sets 29 June, 2016 María Alejandra Tavera


The back or spine is made up of bones and muscles. It is the structure that holds up the body and contributes to keep it stable.

Advisor Dolly Marcela Zapata, Physical Therapist

 

Back pain

30 minutes of daily physical activity will allow you to relax your muscles.  Walk, run, swim, attend yoga or Pilates classes.

It can have a mechanical or neurologic origin, it can occur as a result of an injury, a sprain, or a fall, among others. It can cause pain, functional impairment, swelling, and/or muscle spasms.  In order to avoid it and treat it in a timely fashion, stay continuously active, maintain an upright posture and avoid excess weight.  Most severe cases can be treated with medication or nonsurgical treatments such as physical therapy.

Bad posture

The spine is made up of 33 vertebrae.

When a spine presents with kyphosis (exaggerated rounding of the back) the body is at risk of injury in different areas, as other regions of the body will be overloaded.  The person’s belly will seem bulky, as bad posture can debilitate the muscles of the abdomen, cause more pain, and reflect a deteriorated body image.

Doing things right

Postural hygiene and ergonomics will teach you to reduce the load being carried by your back.  Determine the posture in which you will be the longest, and seek advice on what type of exercise is right for you. Ideally you should maintain a balanced routine that includes physical training, weight control, stretching, and low impact aerobic exercises, depending on the type of pain being experienced. Avoid staying in the same position for long periods of time and take active pauses.