Presbyopia: aging eyes Presbyopia: aging eyes

Presbyopia: aging eyes

Armony in health 15 November, 2016 Ana María López de Mesa

Around the age of 40, many people begin to experience one of the most common eye problems: presbyopia 

This disease consists in the natural deterioration of the eyes, which experience changes in the lens over the years.
The American Academy of Ophthalmology explains that when you are young, the lens of the eye is soft and flexible and can change its shape easily allowing it to correctly focus on objects that are close by and far away. The academy specifies the following, however, “After the age of 40, the lens becomes more stiff due to the fact that it cannot change shape as easily as it used to. Activities such as reading or seeing things that are near to you become more difficult.”

The symptoms or warning signs of presbyopia include:

  • Eye strain
  • Poor vision for seeing what is near
  • Constant headaches
  • Fatigue that occurs when performing activities that require seeing close up
  • The need for more light in order to read without putting strain on the eyes or the need to keep what you are reading further away from you

While it is quite common, not everyone develops presbyopia and its onset can occur at different times. Specifically, those individuals that suffer from myopia are less likely to suffer from aging eyes.

While this problem cannot be prevented, there are different treatment options that allow individuals that suffer from this condition to live a more comfortable life. The simplest option is to use glasses (even if they are just reading glass) or bifocal or multifocal glasses depending on the needs of each patient and on their previous vision history.

For those who prefer to not use glasses or who cannot use them, surgery is an alternative. A keratoplasty is efficient, but has a limited effect over time and slowly deteriorates. The other alternative is laser eye surgery, which can help restore both near and far-sightedness.