According to the World Health Organization (WHO), an estimated 235 million people suffer from asthma around the world. Asthma is a chronic condition that consists of recurrent episodes of difficulty breathing.
The main risk factors for it are a combination of genetic predisposition together with exposure to substances and particles in the environment that are inhaled and can cause allergic reactions that can irritate the airways. These include:
- Allergens or chemical substances that are present in homes
- House dust mites found in bed linins, pillows and furniture
- Air pollution and close contact with household pets
- Cigarette smoke
- Pollen and moldOther triggers can include cold air, strong emotions (anger or happiness) and physical exercise. It is best to get an early diagnosis for asthma to prevent it from interfering with one’s lifestyle, as there is no cure for this condition.
Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children.