People who suffer from diabetes may experience changes to the skin of their foot such as calluses, sores and may even need to get it amputatd. The majority of these cases occur due to nerve damage and poor circulation.
According to the webpage, MedlinePlus, “Nerve damage from diabetes can cause you to lose feeling in your feet. You may not feel a cut, a blister or a sore.” This is how a small blister can turn into an infection in a matter of days. (See the article in Spanish, World Health Day Puts the Spotlight on Diabetes).
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Diabetes Federation recommend that individuals with diabetes should get tested for possible foot complications at least once a year, as the absence of symptoms does not mean that they are necessarily healthy. The exam is performed with the patient lying down and standing upright.
Avoid foot issues by:
- Inspecting feet on a daily basis
- Washing feet every day
- Gently filing down calluses and hardened skin
- Cutting your nails
- Wearing socks and shoes
- Protecting feet from the heat and cold
- Taking walks, riding bikes and doing exercise will help maintain optimum blood circulation
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas cannot produce insulin or when the body cannot use the insulin that it produces correctly.