Gingivitis is the first phase of gum disease and the easiest to treat.
Its direct cause is plaque: a smooth, sticky, colorless film that is made up of bacteria that is constantly deposited in your teeth and gums.
According to the webpage MedlinePlus, certain infections and diseases throughout the body (systemic diseases), poor dental hygiene, hormonal changes during pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes and poorly aligned teeth, and the use of certain medications all increase the risk of suffering from gingivitis.
If you do suffer from gingivitis, it is recommended that the patient see their dentist or oral hygienist so they may get a cleaning with the application of different tools to loosen and remove these deposits. If they are not removed on time, they can cause you gums to bleed as well as cause mouth ulcers, which can turn into periodontitis and leave permanent damage.
Proper oral health is essential in order to prevent the appearance of gingivitis. Proper brushing, flossing and a healthy diet will help to prevent the accumulation of plaque and therefore, of gingivitis.
Keep in mind
Periodontal disease is an inflammation or infection that destroys the tissues that support the teeth. This can include the gums, periodontal ligaments and tooth sockets (alveolar bone).
Plaque is a sticky substance made up of bacteria, mucus and food residue that accumulates in the exposed parts of the teeth. It is also a major cause of cavities.
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