Like other sports, tennis can cause injuries that can be prevented.
The most common ones are shoulder and elbow inflammation. Below we will explain what each one consists in.
Rotator cuff micro-trauma:
What happens in the rotator cuff is medically known as a micro-trauma by repetition, and it is also common in people who practice volleyball and weightlifting. The rotator cuff is a group of four tendons located in the shoulder. Its mission is to stabilize it and enable the arm’s rotation and elevation movements.
If you feel pain, loss of strength, and weakness in the shoulder and arms, or if you are unable to move the muscles associated to these, seek medical attention as soon as possible, as it is very likely an injury caused by this sport. The fastest you do this, the better, because when the injury is not treated on time, it can end up turning into a rupture, and therefore it could require surgical treatment.
In order to avoid this kind of injury, according to sports physician Juan Camilo Correa, it is fundamental to maintain adequate pre-conditioning routines with exercises that strengthen both the shoulder girdle and the entire shoulder.
This is the name that is given to the inflammation medically known as medial or lateral epicondylitis. This appears when the external upper part of the arm, near the elbow, is injured. It is very common, not only among those who practice tennis and golf.
Just as with the rotator cuff, this injury appears as a consequence of constant movement repetition. In this case, the affected tendons are those around the wrist, reaching the elbow.
For this reason, Dr. Correa advises keeping the wrist firm when practicing this sport, and also doing exercises that strengthen the associated muscles, because when they are very weak the sportsperson ends up exerting an increasingly stronger tension over the tendons.