Current living 23 June, 2018 Maria Clara Restrepo E.
This type of cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer worldwide and is the second most common type among men. Early detection is key to preventing serious complications.
According the Pan American Health Organization, in Latin America, about 413,000 new cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed each year. In Colombia, this form of cancer is the second most prevalent type of cancer among the general population and the most prevalent type of cancer among men.
Prostate cancer consists of tumors or malignant cancer cells located in the prostate, a gland under men’s bladders that produces the fluid for semen.
In its initial phases, this type of cancer generally does not present symptoms. At its more advanced stages, however, it often causes urination problems including a weak urinary stream, the need to urinate more frequently, blood in the urine or semen, weakness or numbness in the legs or feet, and pain in the hips, back, chest or in other areas.
Steps for making a diagnosis
- Your doctor may perform a digital rectal exam in order to try and detect a lump or anything abnormal.
- A blood test is taken to determine prostate-specific antigen levels.
- A transrectal ultrasound is also performed.
For more information, go to the following website: https://www.cancer.gov/espanol/tipos/prostata/paciente/tratamiento-prostata-pdq).
According to the American Cancer Society, different treatment options exist for patients with prostate cancer including hormone therapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery or targeted therapies – for when the disease hast metastasized to the bones.
Related article: Foods that prevent prostate cancer (article in Spanish)