This respiratory disease can be controlled with adequate treatment and preventive measures that have a positive impact on the quality of life of the patients.
235 million people in the world have asthma. This pathology is not transmissible and presents more frequently in children according to the World Health Organization, WHO.
What happens in a crisis?
During an asthma attack or outbreak, the lining of the bronchi inflames and so their internal diameter decreases reducing the flux of air entering and leaving the lungs. There are coughing sprees, oppression of the chest, wheezing (noise) and difficulty in breathing. Symptoms may vary several times a day or during the week
Genetic predisposition, tobacco consumption, exposure to environmental damage from inhaling of particles that provoke allergic reactions or irritate the respiratory airways, cold air, strong emotions such as fear or anger, some types of medication and practicing certain kinds of exercises can originate the asthmatic crisis.
50% of adults and children do not follow the prescribed treatment resulting in deficient control of the symptoms and worsening of the disease.
Keep in mind
- Each patient must learn to identify those elements in his ambiance that bring on his/her asthmatic crisis, in order to avoid coming in contact with them.
- Recurrent episodes can cause insomnia, daily tiredness and decrease in work or school activity in the patient.
- Control of a progression of asthma requires administering medication such as inhaled corticosteroids.
Source: World Health Organization
Related: An asthma-free airway