Harmful habits such as reading with low light and spending too much time in front of a television can affect the health of your visual organs.
Jaime Alberto García Ordóñez,
Ophthalmologist, practitioner at Coomeva Private Healthcare
Sometimes we believe that if we can see well, we can force our eyes to operate in conditions that are harmful to our health. As common as they may sound, some of the following situations can affect our vision: reading a book without enough light, trying to understand a magazine article while we are traveling in a moving vehicle or being in front of a computer screen for over eight hours.
Our eyes, the organs in our body that allow us to see, also need care and attention. It is not just about going to a specialist to be prescribed glasses or contact lenses, even a poor nutrition, lacking in vitamins and minerals, can also create vision problems.
“Vitamin deficiencies weakens the eyes’ capabilities and make your vision deteriorate little by little. First comes eyestrain and then it becomes difficult to see well. Nutrition is part of all the functions of the human body. It is important to believe that nutrition is necessary for the eyes,” states ophthalmologist, Jaime Alberto García Ordóñez
Touching your eyelids constantly with dirty hands and not implementing appropriate hygiene in taking care of your face are actions that have an influence in the development of visual problems, which can be caused by bacteria and diseases like conjunctivitis (commonly known as pink eye).
There are also diseases that influence the inception of eye conditions. Tobacco use can dry out your eyes, preventing grime and small particles that can sometimes get stuck in the eye from getting cleaned out. This causes for infections to develop, triggering the onset of eye conditions.
Not getting enough sleep is also a risk to your eye health. When you sleep, your eyes recover from their daily routine and epithelial cells are regenerated.
Avoid Risky Behavior
“One of the most common habits that cause a diversity of vision problems is scratching the eyes with force. This behavior causes damage to the cornea,” explains García Ordóñez. Pay special attention to children, they tend to put their face too close to mobile devices, a behavior that can cause different types of eye conditions.
Remember, there is no surgery or intervention that can completely recover the abilities this organ loses. So if you want optimal visual health, avoid this risky behavior. Review your daily activities and take preventative action.
246 million people in the world have low vision, according to the World Health Organization.
80% of all the world’s cases of vision impairment can be prevented or cured by taking preventative measures.
Taking care of your vision with
eye care helps to control factors that can cause permanent damage to your vision.
The following recommendations can help transform many people’s ability to see:
- Environment: Work in well-ventilated areas and, if possible, in open spaces.
- Light: Should not be too strong or too soft. It is advisable to work with natural light in addition to a stronger light projected towards your work area. Avoid the projection of light directly front of your eyes and avoid shady areas as they can cause fatigue.
- Distance: Your work material should be between 14 and 16 inches away from your face. If you are writing, it is advisable to hold onto the pencil one to three centimeters from its tip.
- When your eyes become tired: If your eyes are fatigued, it is better to rest than to force your eyes to work.
- Inclination: Your work material should be at an inclination of 20 degrees, this eliminates reflection and allows you to be further away when the material is on a flat surface
- Posture: It is important for your whole body to have correct posture. Your back and head should be straight and your feet should be able to touch the floor whenever possible. Your head or body should not be twisted. This means that you should avoid reading while stretched out on the floor or on the bed.
- Rest: For every two hours of work, you should rest for between a minimum of 5 to 10 minutes. After finishing reading a page, it is recommended to lift up your head and focus your eyes on a distant object for a few seconds, this allows you to relax your vision.
- Peripheral vision: Whenever you perform a task where you are fixated on something (driving, watching TV, reading, etc.) you should be aware of your peripheral vision, the things that surround you. This is why it is recommended to watch TV with the lights on.
- Watching TV: The correct distance for watching TV is approximately seven times the size of the TV screen. It should not be watched while in an inclined position or while you are stretched out on the floor. Nothing should be reflected off of the screen.
- Go to the ophthalmologist: You should not fixate on objects that you cannot see clearly, and you should not squint in order to see well. If you make a face or squint your eyes and your vision improves, you should see your ophthalmologist