As of 2015, the chickenpox vaccine is now included in Colombia’s immunization schedule.
All children that have reached one year of age may receive this vaccine for free at any clinic where vaccines are administered. The booster shot for the vaccine is administered when the child turns five.
To receive this vaccine parents only need to present their child’s vaccination record and request the vaccine. The objective of this vaccine is to reduce the number of people infected with chickenpox. According to the National Health Institute, up through November 28, 2016, there has been a total of 103,993 cases of this disease in Colombia.
The Ministry of Health explains this disease:
What is chickenpox? It is a viral, endemic disease that produces a skin rash and occurs mostly during the winter season. It is caused by the varicella zoster virus and generally affects children during their first years of life, as it estimated that only 10% of those over the age of 30 contract it. While it is rarely deadly, it is highly contagious. An infected person has between a 70% and 90% chance of transmitting the disease to their family members or to those with which they live.
How is it transmitted? Through air particles. It lives in the mucous membranes of the sick person.
What are its main symptoms? The classic symptom is a red, itchy rash that is in the form of blisters. These blisters nearly always first appear on the face, chest, and on the back, yet they can also appear on different parts of the body.
How long does it take for its symptoms to appear after being infected by someone who is contagious? It takes approximately between 10 to 21 days for symptoms to appear.