Small giants 13 January, 2018 Maria Clara Restrepo E.
While they are not a serious illness, the presence of these insects on the scalp causes itchiness and is annoying and uncomfortable for children.
Lice are one of the most common nuisances for parents and children. Having them, however, is nothing to be embarrassed or concerned about, as there is nothing that having good hygiene can do to prevent them. Also, after the common cold, a lice infestation is considered the second most common condition among children.
According to the Colombian Association of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery, head lice occurs everywhere around the world, is more common among school age children and is transmitted by close physical contact or by sharing items such as combs, hats and pillows.
Lice feed on blood. Their saliva causes inflammation, which they inject into the head when they bite. The bite does not immediately appear until several days after the initial infestation. Aside from prevention, it is most important to know how to eliminate them:
- Comb the child’s hair from the root to the end at least three times a day for one week to remove the nits (eggs).
- Wash contaminated items to avoid reinfection and avoid sharing items such as combs, hats, pillows and jackets.
- If possible, keep hair in a ponytail to make it more difficult to spread them.
- Applying treatments such as head lice shampoo should only be used with children older than two.
- Talk with your dermatologist if you want an oral treatment. There are specific restrictions to using this treatment, which can have side effects. Self-medicating with this treatment is not recommended.
- Talk with your pediatrician if you see sores on the scalp caused by itching or if the scalp is red.