When we talk about phobia, we are referring to the strong, irrational fear a person feels about something that actually represents little or no real danger. It is a manifestation of anxiety.
Those who suffer phobias are characterized by avoiding what produces this fear. And if they do not succeed, they may feel panic, tachycardia, difficulty to breathe, tremors, and a strong urge to run away. The recommendable course of action for a person affected by one or many phobias is to go to a psychotherapist to receive effective treatment, according to the MedlinePlus health portal.
Some of the most common phobias are:
- Acrophobia: fear of heights. Some people are so scared that they cannot even look out from a balcony or look at a higher place from a lookout.
- Aerophobia: fear of travelling by plane.
- Arachnophobia: fear or disgust of spiders.
- Claustrophobia: fear of enclosed spaces, i.e., elevators, small rooms, poorly lit places, etc.
- Thanatophobia or necrophobia: Fear of everything related to death and to death itself.
Most of the people with phobias understand that they are suffering an irrational or disproportionate fear, although admitting this does not stop them from continuing to manifest this intense emotional reaction to the phobic stimulus.