Small giants 25 September, 2017 Isabel Vallejo
Children can also experience the difficulties of trying to fall asleep. This is often due to changes in their routines or to new experiences in their lives.
The webpage BBMUNDO lists the most common sleeping disorders:
- Parasomnias. Brief or partial insignificant interruptions of sleep. They may vary in frequency and are most common among children between 3 and 6 years old.
- Sleep Walking. This is the replication of the behaviors learned from waking life when someone is asleep. It affects between 1% and 15% of children. Never wake the child, just speak to him or her using brief phrases to get them back to bed.
- Night Terrors. These occur in deep sleep during the first half of the night. They are characterized by shouting, sudden and unexpected cries, intense fear and cold sweats. They begin when children are between 2 and 3 years old and peak between ages 6 and 12.
- Nightmares. These occur in the REM cycle during the second half of the night. Children can clearly explain what they dreamed about and what woke them. As children’s daytime stress levels decrease, these episodes also decrease both in intensity and in frequency.
- Bruxism. Known as “teeth grinding,” this condition arises from excessively contracting the jaw. While this creates a sound, it does not wake the child. If their biting is very intense, it can lead to teeth problems. This tends to be a symptom of stress.
- Somniloquy. This is typically referred to as “sleep-talking.” This is a common and harmless phenomenon that occurs in the early morning. It varies in intensity and is not related to a specific condition.