Men must also take adequate protection measures to prevent conditions that affect skin health.
Advisor: María Fernanda Corrales
Unlike women, men have much thicker skin, with a greater abundance of sebaceous and sweat glands, making them more prone to skin diseases as a result of hair follicle disorders in areas where there is a greater concentration of hair and sweat.
Many skin diseases are still not very well understood scientifically, as María Fernanda Corrales explains. However, it is known that their causes are based on environmental as well as genetic factors, which make men more likely to suffer from the most common conditions such as dermatitis, psoriasis, condylomas, and alopecia, which we will discuss in more detail below.
This is a broad type of disease that encompasses different classes, the first being atopic dermatitis, which is known for being a skin disorder that shows up during childhood and can last into adulthood. It mainly appears in people with sensitive skin, a lack of essential proteins, and is often located in areas with the most dryness.
It generates redness and scaling of the skin that can lead to itching and bleeding if not treated properly. The best way to control it from early on is by hydrating the skin properly using moisturizing lotions, and if medication is required, the most commonly recommended is hydrocortisone creams that soothe and reduce skin irritation.
Another of the most well-known conditions is seborrheic dermatitis, which is a skin condition that usually appears on the scalp. This disease is caused by a sensitivity of the fat glands and can cause what we commonly known as dandruff, itching, or pain, in addition to yellow or white flaking and heavy bleeding.
According to the Mayo Clinic, shampoos, lotions, and creams with corticosteroids such as hydrocortisone, are the most effective medications to treat it, although you should use them only under medical supervision and not exceed the indicated dosage.
This is one of the most common skin diseases and is caused by an acceleration of the skin cells which affects their normal development. It usually shows up as red or salmon-colored areas with much thicker scaling and generally affects the outer, drier areas of joints. It is also commonly found on the scalp and nails.
This disease can also be triggered by other factors, such as genetic predispositions and smoking. There are different treatment methods, such as corticosteroid ointments that reduce itching and phototherapy, treatment with UV light, either natural or with controlled chambers, to slow down the development of the cells in the skin and thus reduce the consequences of this disease.
The human papillomavirus is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the world, which also affects men. There are more than 100 different types of this virus and some of the ones that appear in the genital area can lead to cancer of the anus or penis, in addition to being a high-risk factor for the couple.
It shows up as condylomas or genital warts that look like small cauliflowers and can increase in size over time. With proper diagnosis and the supervision of a doctor, they can be eliminated through liquid nitrogen-based cryotherapy sessions. Even so, you must take into account that the virus can still stay in your body, so it is very important to always protect yourself during sex and avoid excessive waxing or hair removal in the area because the virus can spread as a result.
Keeping your skin hydrated is a good way to counteract dryness, which can lead to dermatitis in people with sensitive skin.
50 or higher SPF for UV protection should be used by men daily.
Baldness: their greatest concern
Specialist María Fernanda Corrales has seen in consultations that nowadays men are suffering from alopecia from earlier ages, even from the age of 25, due to genetic or environmental factors that accelerate this type of scalp disease.
She has also seen an increase in hair loss due to factors such as stress and anxiety, which is why it is very important to detect it in time to carry out the most suitable treatment according to the type of alopecia each person has.
The most effective way to treat it is with minoxidil products, either for application or oral consumption, although this should be done under the supervision of a medical specialist, as this treatment has side effects such as headaches or skin allergies.