Sleep disorders are classified into four major groups: insomnia, hypersomnia, circadian rhythm disruption and parasomnia.
Learn what each one is and take into account the guidelines explained by neurologist Nohemí Meza Cely, to recover quality of sleep and, of course, life.
- Insomnia: It is the most common sleep disorder. It is characterized by the difficulty or impossibility of initiating or maintaining sleep, also accompanied by symptoms during the day characterized by general malaise, distraction, difficulties in concentration, decrease in social and job performance, mood swings, drowsiness, loss of interest in daily activities, propensity to make mistakes on the job or when driving, and other nonspecific symptoms.
- Hypersomnia: The main characteristic of this disorder is excessive sleepiness several hours a day for a long time, at least for one continuous month, even after having had a normal night of sleep. In addition to taking the medicine prescribed by a specialist, you should not take naps.
- Parasomnias: These are episodic disorders that occur exclusively during sleep and they characterized by different vegetative or motor phenomena that can alter the quality thereof. Some may even be of a violent nature. They are more common in children and adolescents, but in some patients, they may persist into adulthood. The most recognized are: sleepwalking, night terrors or “pavor nocturnus”, rhythmic movements during sleep and nightmares.
It is possible, in some cases, to control sleep disorders with medications or by means of certain changes in habits or non-pharmacological measures that may be effective, among which the most prominent are relaxation techniques and stimulus control. However, it is advisable to visit a specialist to find a solution together.