Physical activity is good for our physical health but when it is not practiced correctly, it can affect some parts of our body, one of the most affected being the spinal column.
Some sports put the spine at a greater risk thanothers.Here are some of them along with their associated injuries:
Poor positioning or brusque movement when lifting weights can trigger a muscle spasm. If in addition to this, the spine experiences an excessive load or force, the intervertebral discs may undergo pressure that is so strong that the discs end up tearing, becoming a lumbar herniated disc.
When initiating the practice of this form of exercise, it is first recommended to get a musculoskeletal exam that can determine whether there are previous risks or conditions to the spine that can make one more susceptible to these potential implications. After this exam, it is important to practice constant preconditioning that strengthens the supporting muscles that protect the dorsal and lumbar spine such as the quadriceps, trapezoid and the muscles surrounding the pelvis.
In addition to the long periods of physical activity that are associated with this sport when it is practiced, the position of the spine when riding a bike can lead to chronic lower back pain.
The recommendation for those who are bike enthusiasts is to avoid excessive riding, and to try to prevent this activity from lasting more than two hours at a time. The same as with weightlifting, it is also important to strengthen the core muscles.
The impact that is generated from running on uneven or hard surfaces such as cement make the surfaces of the joints in the spinal column slowly compress over time.
In order to reduce the risk of these injuries, it is important to use proper shoes with good cushioning and to warm up the legs and lumbar region.