Establishing safe environments and fostering healthy habits in old age, makes this phase of adulthood more enjoyable.
As we celebrate the International Day of Older Persons, which is held on October 1 each year, Coomeva Private Healthcare would like to highlight a few tips that can help in caring for the elderly and in meeting their main needs and requirements.
The idea is to provide them with proper care that benefits their health and integrity when dealing with potential changes that can occur with old age. These changes can include a decline in hearing, vision and mobility, and even the onset of other diseases, as the World Health Organization explains in the World Report on Aging and Health.
The report states that life expectancy can reach 80 years or more in developed countries, a piece of information that can encourage us to give more importance to the activities of this phase of life. See also Seniors fascinated with technology
Eat foods that help lead to a balanced diet including fruits and vegetables. It is important to reduce the intake of salt, sugar and alcohol, as well as prepare foods that are easy to chew and digest.
Strengthen the memory
Do exercises that stimulate the brain. Staying socially active and finding new hobbies such as reading or doing crossword puzzles are good options for keeping the mind active.
Check vision and hearing
These two senses are the senses that are most affected in old age. Glasses or hearing aids should not be used without the advice of a doctor, however. It is best to see a specialist at least once a year or according to a doctor’s recommendations.
Swimming and even walking at least 30 minutes a day not only improves strength, it also helps prevent cardiovascular disease, diabetes or conditions related to being overweight.
Avoid walking on moist or closed-off floors. Hold on to something when using the stairs and always use shoes with a non-slip sole.
Watch oral health
It is important to have good tooth or denture hygiene. If dentures are used, brush and clean them every day and place them in a glass of water at night. See your dentist regularly.
Be sure to tell doctors about all medications that are being taken. Write down the instructions for taking them and always take them at the same time. Do not self-medicate.
Get good sleep
This is one of the main problems of old age. Follow a set schedule for going to bed and waking up, avoid taking long naps, and have a place that is quiet, the right temperature and is relatively dark.