Caries can cause pain and in some cases inflammation of the gums. Prevention must be started from childhood.
Advisor Ángela Carrillo – Pediatric dentist
Most of the food that children receive when they stop breast-feeding contains significant amounts of carbohydrates such as sucrose, traditionally known as table sugar. This substance is the main cause of the appearance of dental caries, nevertheless, this disorder not only affects children: approximately five million, 5’000.000 people in the world present with caries reason for its being catalogued as the most preventable chronic illness in the planet.
The World Health Organization, WHO defines it as an affection that, if not treated on time, can cause pain, infection or even the loss of the tooth. But, what are the negative effects of sugar on oral health? According to Coordinator of Graduate Studies in Pediatric Dentistry of the Pontificia Javeriana University Angela Carrillo high consumption of this substance causes erosion and wearing away of the enamel promoting greater facility for the bacteria that give origin to caries to affect premolars, molars, canines and incisors.
“Teeth get damaged when sweets remain for a long time in the mouth, specially between the gums. The most harmful foods are the ones that adhere to the teeth’s surface such as ‘candy’ or lollipops. The ones causing least problems are those that dissolve quickly such as chocolates or sugarless chewing gum. But all these affect in one way or the other, and yet it is not about eradicating them completely” the professional emphasized.
Drawing the Line
Eat one small portion of candy a day combining it with intake of other foods. Brush your teeth after intake: these are the two tips the specialist gives to prevent the presenting of this pathology.
Intake of celery, carrots, apples and other crunchy vegetables and fruit helps cleanse your mouth after savoring sticky candy. Generally speaking, it is fundamental to have adequate habits to maintain your dental hygiene. This includes a correct washing of the teeth three times a day, the use of dental floss and periodic visits to the dentist. This is the way in which one can keep bacterial plaque under control.
Six guidelines for preventing caries
Alfonso Escobar a pediatric dentist and professor of the Odontological Faculty of the CES University points out that they key is to always have good oral hygiene.
- Do not introduce sugar into the diet of a child until he is two years of age.
- Diminish the frequency of consumption of free sugars (substances that are added to beverages, deserts, cereals and sweets).
- It is important to take into account the amount and frequency of intake of sugar. Being exposed to intake of such foods several times a day increases the risk of caries.
- Carry out an adequate oral hygiene. This includes brushing your teeth three times a day and the use of dental floss.
- Begin control with the dentist from the first year of age and continue these visits at least twice a year.
- It is recommendable for pregnant women to reduce sugar intake to a minimum because it may generate predisposition in the baby during gestation.
See also: Some tips for a suitable tooth brushing