Teeth: more than just part of a nice smile Teeth: more than just part of a nice smile

Each tooth has a different function. While this function can be obvious, it also affects how we digest.

Medical Advisor: Clara Isabel Borrero Gutiérrez, dentist, practitioner at Coomeva Private Healthcare

Each tooth plays a different role. Instead of working independently of each other, however, they are all part of a system referred to as our oral anatomy. As dentist Clara Isabel Borrero Gutiérrez explains, “This is a complex system that is classified into soft and hard tissues. Its soft tissues include the tongue, cheeks, lips and the intraoral mucosa. The hard issues include the bones and the teeth.”

Spread throughout the alveolar bone (alveolar process), our 32 teeth are classified into four groups: molars, premolars, canines and incisors. “Because of how they contribute to preparing the bolus, the mouth needs all of these groups for them to be well maintained,” Borrero states.

It is therefore important to monitor whether they are performing the function they are designed for, as poor teeth can lead to digestive problems, problems in the jawbone or chewing issues.

In order to prevent mouth or tooth pain, see your dentist for preventative care at least once a year. Practicing good brushing habits and using dental floss are also important. Having good oral health is a practice that has a direct effect on a person’s overall health, which will not only help improve your smile, it will make you smile more.

Parts of a tooth

1. Crown. The external part where the following layers are located:

a. Enamel. Has a transparent tone.

b. Dentin. This is what gives teeth color.

c. Pulp. The tooth’s blood vessels and nerves, which make it a living structure.

2. Root. The internal part (inside the bone). It has two layers:

d. Cementum.

e. Pulp.

They are divided into four groups or families:

The incisors are found in the front part of the mouth. There are four above and four below, and as their name indicates, they are used for their sharp and flat shape: to cut.

Canines perform the function of tearing apart hard and fibrous foods. This is the smallest group, as it only includes four teeth.

A little smaller than the molars and located between the canines and the molars, the eight premolars are the teeth designed to shred what is inside the mouth

The molars are the largest teeth and are located towards the back of the mouth, both on the right and left
sides. They are responsible for grinding and crushing food. There are twelve in total, including the wisdom

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