The Overactive Bladder Syndrome OAB is usually mistaken for Urinary Incontinence but it is only a symptom of the disease.
Urinating eight or more times a day and two or more times at night, having to urinate suddenly and having loss of urine during the day are the most common signals of this pathology. When it presents the muscles of the bladder begin to contract involuntarily, even though the volume of urine stored is small.
Treatment for this syndrome, explains theMayo Clinic, includes keeping a schedule for drinking liquids, hours for urinating and techniques for containment of the bladder by strengthening of the pelvic floor. If these strategies prove insufficient, there is medication available only by specialist doctor’s prescription. Possible causes include:
- Neurological disorders such as cerebrovascular accidents and multiple sclerosis
- Medication that causes a rapid increase in the production of urine or that must be taken with abundant liquids
- Acute infection of the urinary ways that produce symptoms similar to those of a hyperactive bladder
- Anomalies in the bladder such as tumors or bladder stones
- Factors that obstruct the exit of the bladder: enlargement of the prostate gland, constipation from previous surgeries to treat other types of incontinence
- Excessive intake of caffeine or alcohol.
- Deterioration of the cognitive function due to ageing, that might impede the bladder from interpreting the signals sent by the brain
- Incomplete emptying of urine.
Take into account
Men and women, between the ages of 18 and 39, are more vulnerable to presenting with hyperactive bladder.
Related: On the female bladder