Thyroid problems? Learn about the solutions Thyroid problems? Learn about the solutions

Thyroid problems can lead to a series of disorders in the body that must be detected on time to prevent potential complications.

The thyroid is located in the neck, just above the clavicle. According to the webpage MedlinePlus, the function of this gland is to manage the energy that is needed throughout the entire body, maintain body temperature and control the rhythm of many of the body’s activities including how fast it burns calories and heart rate.

Common thyroid problems

Hyperthyroidism. A study conducted by the Santa María Clinic in Chile explains that people with this disorder experience significant weight loss (even with a normal diet), hand tremors, cannot tolerate heat, experience increased perspiration, a strong or rapid heart rate and -among women- irregular menstrual cycles. (Learn more from the article: How to detect hypothyroidism).

Treatment: Treatment consists of reducing the release of thyroid hormones, which can be achieved in three ways: medication, radioactive iodine or surgery. The treatment depends on each individual case and must be determined by an endocrinology specialist.

Hypothyroidism. The research from this study showed that this is the most common thyroid problem. The most frequent symptoms of this include: fatigue, dry skin, hair loss, intolerance to cold, constipation and drowsiness. In some cases, it can also cause swelling, edemas, increased cholesterol and weight gain.

Treatment: This condition is easier to treat than hyperthyroidism, as it often just requires a specialist administer the dose of hormones the patient is lacking.

The thyroid and weight gain. While hyperthyroidism causes weight loss, it’s hypothyroidism does not always cause weight gain. The most weight a person can gain as a result of this condition is between 2 to 3 kilos. This weight gain is also the product of fluid retention and not of an increase in fat.

Related article: The thyroid gland (article in Spanish)