These types of infections tend to have a greater effect on children under age five, people over age 65, and those who have some type of underlying disease or conditions that lower their immune systems.
According to Dr. Marina Rosa Manotas, a pediatric pulmonologist, the majority of these types of infections are viruses. While viruses are present year-round, Colombia has two high seasons that are its two rainy seasons: April to May and September to October.
Respiratory infections are not caused by just one strand of virus, however. Depending on the patient’s age and the state of their immune system, several different viral infections can occur in the throat, ears, pharynx, tonsils or in the lower respiratory tract where there is a greater chance of complications. Learn about some of our specialist’s methods for preventing respiratory infections.
Keep a healthy diet. Eat foods that have been freshly prepared and have a high nutritional content. Also, stay well-hydrated. With the flu, if it is common for people to not eat as much, but it is important to at least try to eat as much as your body lets you.
Keep fevers under control. Fevers should not last longer than 72 hours or reach temperatures higher than 101.3°F, especially with children. Also, be sure that you do not have any difficulties breathing.
Nasal cleanses. Use a saline solution to cleanse your nose. Drinking plenty of liquids is also important, as this helps make the mucous thin.
Do not self-medicate. You should never use drugs that have never been prescribed to you, this includes over-the-counter cough syrups.
The importance of bathing. Bathing in warm water will help loosen nasal mucus. With children, it is best to dry them off inside the bathroom to help avoid exposing them to any abrupt changes in temperature.
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