A bad nutrition can occur both, due to lack of food and for excess thereof.
Una mala nutrición puede darse tanto por falta de alimentos como por exceso de los mismos.
Undernourishment in children is a condition that appears when the child doesn’t find in his feeding the necessary nutrients to be healthy.
Unicef Colombia explains that this condition occurs when an infant feeding doesn’t offer “a proper quantity of calories, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients the organs and tissues need” in order to properly operate.
On the contrary, an over-nutrition occurs when large amounts of food rich in energy and poor in other fundamental nutrients is consumed, leading to conditions such as overweight, obesity and other related pathologies such as juvenile diabetes or, even, cardiovascular diseases.
The United States National Library of Medicine recommends the following tips for assuring your child a nutritious and healthy diet.
- Strive for half the food you prepare for your children is composed of fruits and vegetables.
- Prefer healthy sources of proteins, such as lean meats, nuts and eggs.
- Offer your children whole grain breads and cereals as they are fiber rich. Reduce refined grains.
- Bake, roast or steam cook the food instead of frying it.
- Restrict fast and junk food.
- Offer your children water and milk, instead of fruit juices with sugar, and soft beverages.