According to the World Health Organization, vaccines help prevent between two and three million deaths a year as they protect people from diseases such as diphtheria, measles, pneumonia, rotavirus, rubella, tetanus and polio.
Despite this figure, 22 million children throughout the world are still not vaccinated, and challenges for greater coverage remain, unique to both developed and developing countries. Vaccines function by inactivating or weakening the microorganism that causes a disease. When it is applied to an individual, the body’s defense mechanism can then react and fight the disease, which is what protects individuals from suffering from it.
All children under age six have the right to receive the vaccines included in the national immunization schedule. This schedule has been approved by the Colombian Ministry of Health and includes 21 vaccinations which prevent 25 diseases. Symptoms that can occur after the vaccine is administered include pain at the site of the injection, fever or rash; these symptoms generally improve after a few hours. See also, Vaccinations before you vacation.
Parents are recommended to consult with a doctor about this matter and develop an immunization schedule for their child, protecting them from diagnoses such as polio, rotavirus, pneumococcal-related infections, the flu, diphtheria, measles, mumps and rubella. Throughout childhood and adulthood, some booster shots may be necessary, depending on the needs of each patient.
Vaccines for travelers. Whether a trip is long or short, or for tourism or for business, all travelers must be aware of the vaccination regulations of the place to which they will travel. The governments of every country, together with international organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO), seek to reduce the international propagation of contagious diseases until they are completely eradicated and protect the health of every individual in the case of exposure to contagious organisms.