The second most common type of cancer among men is primarily associated with age; however, there are other related factors that can trigger it as well.
According to figures from the Colombian Cancer Alliance, in Colombia, 11,000 cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed a year. Most cases occur in men over age 60, and because it is a disease that normally begins silently, it is difficult to detect.
This is what makes prostate cancer so life-threatening, because when it is detected too late, it tends to be at a very advanced stage.
The best method of prevention is therefore its early detection through two main exams that can help identify any alterations in the body: the digital rectal exam (DRE) and the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. The recommendation is for men to get either of these two screening tests once they turn 50. Earlier testing is necessary, however, if the individual has risk factors or warning signs such as:
- Difficulty initiating and maintaining urinary flow.
- A trickled or weak urinary stream.
- Increased urination at night.
- Frequent urination.
- The need to urinate urgently and incontinence or urinary retention.
Having a family history is the second greatest risk factor of prostate cancer. People with first-degree or second-degree relatives that have or have had this condition also are at a greater risk.