According to the Ministry of Health and Social Protection in Colombia, 10% of Colombia’s children suffer from asthma. Learn what factors can trigger symptoms.
According to the Mayo Clinic, with childhood asthma, the lungs and the airways become inflamed easily when they are exposed to certain triggers such as breathing in pollen from the air, or having a cold or other respiratory infection.
Childhood asthma can cause bothersome daily symptoms that interfere with a child’s ability to play, do sports, go to school and sleep. In some children, asthma that is not managed can cause dangerous asthma attacks.
What are the causes?
Research from Harvard University shows that asthma can be considered a genetic disease, meaning that only those who are genetically predisposed to the disease can develop it.
The university also explains that environmental causes can also be a contributing factor. For example, the babies of mothers who smoked during their pregnancy have a greater risk of developing asthma. The risk for developing asthma can also increase, however, if the mother has been exposed to tobacco smoke during her pregnancy. (Read also: Learn to live with asthma).
A study conducted in the city of Bradford, United Kingdom, also concluded that many cases of childhood asthma are attributed to air pollution. Conducted by an international team of researchers from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), the study found that up to 24% of cases of childhood asthma a year may be related to air pollution and vehicle traffic.