Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease of an unknown cause. It occurs when the immune system fails to function properly and attacks the body.
According to the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons, Crohn’s disease is chronic inflammation of an unknown cause. While this condition can damage any part of the digestive system from the mouth to the anus, it mainly affects the last section of the lower intestine (ileum) or the large intestine (colon and rectum).
While Crohn’s disease currently has no cure, its symptoms can be treated and the quality of patients’ lives can be improved.
Although symptoms can vary greatly depending on what part of the digestive tract is affected, its main symptoms include:
- Abdominal pain
- Rectal bleeding
- Weight loss
- Fatigue and loss of appetite
Diagnosing this condition tends to be difficult. The medical department of the international pharmaceutical company Takeda, explains in a report that as part of the diagnosis and process for identifying this disease, medical professionals may conduct exams on the patient that can help identify whether the cause of the disease is bacterial or immunological such as colonoscopies, flexible sigmoidoscopies, CT scan and x-rays.
Tobacco use, previous family history and environmental factors are some risk factors related to the onset of the disease.