Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a mental health disorder in which people have repetitive thoughts referred to as obsessions.
According to the website MedlinePlus, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder in which people have an overwhelming need to repeat certain rituals or behaviors called compulsions.
These generally manifest as fears associated with a fear of germs or a fear of getting hurt. These behaviors can include a compulsion to wash your hands, count, checking on things repeatedly or cleaning. These thoughts interfere with your daily life and in your personal relationships causing other disorders such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder or other types of phobias.
MedlinePlus also explains that this type of condition tends to be hereditary and that symptoms often begin during childhood or in adolescence. Treatments include therapy, medication or combination of both.
According to the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health, it is important to be aware of the following symptoms:
- Repeated thoughts or images of a fear of germs, dirtiness, sexual acts, conflicts about religious beliefs or excessive personal hygiene.
- Performing the same rituals over and over again such as washing your hands, opening and closing doors, counting, saving unnecessary items, or repeating the same steps over and over again.
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