This condition is known as cholelithiasis or biliary lithiasis.
The gallbladder is a kind of small pouch, located behind the liver. Its job is to secrete bile, which is important in processing fats. Sometimes, this organ is affected by something commonly known as “gallstones” (cholelithiasis), which arise due to the crystallization of bile salts.
According to the blog Health and Prevention, from EFE Salud, gallstones affect 10% of the adult population in Europe. Normally it is asymptomatic, but the Spanish Association of Gastroenterology warns that it is three times more frequent in women of reproductive age.
Risk factors for this illness are multiple pregnancies, oral contraceptives, obesity, high levels of triglycerides, and other genetic factors. Usually, the solution is gallbladder removal surgery (laparoscopic cholecystectomy), which is a minimally invasive procedure that does not normally result in any major consequences for patients.
Also read:The gallbladder