Wrinkles and saggy skin are common signs of aging. Learn how to treat them to prevent skin diseases.
As people age, the outer layer of the skin (the epidermis) becomes thinner and the number of pigment-containing cells (melanocytes) decreases, making the skin paler and more transparent. Sunspots may even appear as the result of sun exposure.
Both the sebaceous glands and sweat glands begin to produce less, causing dry and itchy skin due to the lack of oil and fluids that help keep it moisturized. To take care of your skin and prevent having any major conditions, the website MedlinePlus recommends the following:
- Use good quality sunscreen when outdoors and in the winter.
- Avoid burns and sun exposure as much as possible.
- Drink plenty of fluids to keep the skin hydrated from the inside out.
- Lead a balanced diet.
- Wear protective clothing and hats in high-temperature areas.
- Use lotions and moisturizers with little perfume or chemicals. Remember that it takes longer for older skin to heal than it does for young skin.
Learn to identify when other diseases such as diabetes, obesity or reactions to medications may cause skin problems. In the elderly, skin problems are so common that it is often difficult to tell whether these changes are directly related to other health problems.