Zoom on memory Zoom on memory

Zoom on memory

WITH YOUR MIND 6 April, 2019 Ana María López de Mesa

The universe is information and human memory processes this information through storage, codifying or recuperation.

Advisor Luis Guillermo Mejia Jaramillo
General Surgeon

Learning, skills and memory are the repetition of information that we store in our memory. But we must not understand this to be something encapsulated in the brain that we open and close every time we need to. It functions under electrical and chemical stimuli that help us recreate memories and on which science has alleged that brain centers act. Therefore, what the brain really stores when it remembers are frequencies, amplitudes and sequences of such circuits. In other words, memories are not lockers, they rather activate when this information is codified.

The remembering process is so complex that the past we recall is not even identical to what we experienced. It changes and is influenced by emotions that we have at the moment of remembering. What for one individual can be a happy remembrance; can mean the worse memory for another. It is inexact, but a convenient reconstruction of the information and fixed in our memory in a permanent way. Literature Nobel Prize Gabriel García Marquez described it as “Life is not what one lived but what one remembers and the way one remembers it to tell the story.” Since the universe is information when human memory fails this has in some way modified our way of being.”

The brain’s heart

The hippocampus is a fundamental organ in the process of remembering as it allows for mediation in the generation and recuperation of memory much like an on-off switch. This is why it is called the brain’s heart. This organ begins to degenerate when there is loss of memory or a situation of dementia.

Two layers of neurons are activated in the hippocampus when memory fixes, as evidenced in the Superior Council of Scientific Investigations of Spain.

To a greater or lesser degree

In so far as we do not remember without recreating events, registering of information that is stored is not carried out with identical processes. Rather the greater or lesser intensity as well as its permanence depends on factors such as stimuli, emotions and experiences. We do not store information of all we have lived or withhold everything we store.

Three types of memory are referenced in different studies: sensorial, short term and long term memory.

Assimilating memories

  • Sleeping is essential to allow our body rest but it also has direct influence on the process of storing information constitutive of memory.
  • Not sleeping or not sleeping well affects the capacity to form new memories. This is the reason why one currently studies the extent to which the different phases of sleep influence the fixation of what we remember.
  • Six hours of sleep a day is the recommendation of the World Health Organization for proper care of one’s physical and mental health.